Kenneth Kaunda, the first president of Zambia, who led Zambia for 27 years and advocated the fight against apartheid and AIDS in Africa, passed away at the age of 97.
A person commonly known as “KK” is being treated for pneumonia at Maina Soko Medical Center, a military hospital in Lusaka. The BBC wrote that he was not infected with covid-19.
The news of Kaunda’s death was posted by his son Kambalaki on the late president’s Facebook page.
In the 1950s, Kaunda was a key figure in the independence movement of Northern Rhodesia from Britain. After Zambia declared independence in 1964, he became the independent President of Zambia.
As the leader of the region’s first country to break with European colonists, Kaunda worked hard to withdraw from other former colonies in the direction of Zambia.
As the leader of the left-leaning United Left National Independence Party (UNIP), Kaunda led the country through decades of a one-party system.
As the son of a priest and teacher, Kaundu is considered one of the last African anti-colonial fighters alive.
With the establishment of a one-party dictatorship, economic stagnation and widespread corruption, there was resistance to his policies. He lost in the 1991 election.
After retiring from politics, he actively participated in humanitarian work through UNICEF, an organization dealing with AIDS. He publicly announced that one of his sons had died of this disease.
He resigned after losing the multi-party elections in 1991.