G7 will take more measures to deal with climate change, provide 1 billion vaccines to developing countries, and become a group against China’s emerging economic powers. These are the main results of a three-day meeting between Cornwall in the United Kingdom and the seven largest industrialized countries in the West (the United States, Canada, Japan, Italy, France, Germany and the United Kingdom).This afternoon becomes Final statement (.pdf) Published.
It has been agreed to restrict the use of coal worldwide. These countries not only do this on their own, but also free up funds for coal substitutes in developing countries. By 2030, carbon dioxide emissions must be halved, and by 2050, economies must be climate neutral.
As far as G7 is concerned, coal can only be used if there is technology to capture emissions. In total, countries must raise 100 billion U.S. dollars each year for joint climate assistance to poor countries. The countries have not agreed on a specific date for a permanent ban on coal.
G7 also plans to use more vaccines to help developing countries. By the end of 2022, participants hope to provide 1 billion doses. The International Monetary Fund welcomed the agreement, but said that 1 billion doses of vaccines are just the beginning.
One of the main topics discussed throughout the summit was China. Agree to jointly form a power group against China, including an initiative to build major infrastructure projects in developing countries. The G7 hopes to counter China’s influence in these countries in this way.
Some smaller teasing punches were also distributed. G7 generally opposes forced labor, but puts the magnifying glass on China. The organization hopes to “boycott the state-sponsored forced labor of vulnerable groups and ethnic minorities.” This refers to the forced labor that Uyghurs must perform in Xinjiang, western China.
The other six G7 countries also supported US President Joe Biden’s call for a re-examination of the origin of the coronavirus. They said China did not provide sufficient clarification. Others oppose Beijing’s increasing interference in Hong Kong.
It’s not just the same during the summit. On the fringe, a riot broke out in Northern Ireland between Britain and France. The status of Northern Ireland is one of the most difficult documents during the Brexit negotiations and still leads to tensions.
The stumbling block now is the conversation about sausages. Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, but because it borders Ireland, the country actually still follows many EU rules. Therefore, goods transported from other parts of the UK to Northern Ireland must be inspected. This is an agreement with the European Union, but these rules are not strictly followed.
British Prime Minister Johnson asked French President Macron during the summit how he would feel if Toulouse’s sausages were not allowed to be sold in Paris. Macron said this comparison is invalid because Toulouse and Paris are in the same country. According to the British, Macron implied that Northern Ireland does not belong to Britain.