forum. This news brought us dramatic daily demonstrations. The Dublin statute was clearly a failure. The statute determines which European country must review asylum applications. It was established to organize and coordinate the processing of asylum requests, but it produced a counterproductive mechanism that promoted national selfishness, and Europe condemned more and more people for wandering.
In fact, the statute places most of the responsibility for asylum requests in a few countries located on the border of the Union. By 2020, nearly 80% of first asylum applications will be concentrated in five states, including Greece, Italy and Spain. This imbalance has had a counterproductive effect in a particularly tense European political environment, leading to the presumption of disengagement of the governments of the first-tier countries, and the persistence of unsustainable situations: refugee camps on the Greek islands are overcrowded or layoffs, which is inconsistent with Law: International immigration at the borders of Greece, Hungary or Italy.
In addition, we have noticed that nearly a quarter of asylum seekers apply in countries other than the country designated by the Dublin statutes to be responsible for investigations. In theory, these people must be escorted back to the country where they arrived. However, in reality, these transfer payments are still insignificant, especially those from Germany and France, which accounted for nearly 68% of the EU’s “Dublin” in 2019 alone. Therefore, for a period of up to 18 months, they are destined to be wandering and extremely unstable, rarely benefit from assistance or accommodation, and wait for transfer less than the expiration of the period when they can be reborn. Make a request in their country. Although the number of arrivals has dropped significantly by 2020, the rate of “double ub” has not dropped, and there is no hope to improve its situation.
Therefore, there is an urgent need to reform this law so that Europe can once again become a sanctuary for the citizens of the world who need to be protected. Although the “Agreement on Immigration and Asylum” proposed by the European Commission on September 23, 2020 may be an opportunity to get rid of the impasse in European immigration policy, the recommendations made today cannot make up for the shortcomings observed. The Convention is clearly aimed at returning, preventing arrival and strengthening border procedures. It advocates a security approach that undermines the dignified reception of asylum seekers and an effective distribution mechanism. In September 2020, Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, announced that she wanted to “abolish” Dublin regulations. However, the proposed “Convention” retains all the principles currently in force, including the decisive criteria for “first entry” countries. If the draft Convention is passed as it is, it will not be possible to provide a lasting response to the urgent needs of European unity of asylum seekers. However, the status quo is not an option.
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