The conclusions of experiments conducted in the United States show that the behavior of elementary particles called muons is different from that predicted by current theories, which provides more evidence that the “new physics” is accurate.
The results of the Muon g-2 magnet experiment conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory are known and may force you to reconsider the standard model for describing the universe. Researchers were able to measure the behavior of elementary particles called muons with unprecedented precision and concluded that in order to explain them, it may be necessary to reconsider the so-called standard model, which explains the relationship between forces in matter. “Our young researchers owe a large part of the credit to their talents, ideas and enthusiasm, which enabled us to achieve this incredible result,” said Graziano Venenzoni, spokesperson for the experimental team. (Graziano Venanzoni) said.
The study provided strong evidence that mesons deviated from the standard physics model and opened the door to new physics. Mesons are 200 times the mass of electrons and occur naturally when cosmic rays enter the earth’s atmosphere. Particle accelerators, such as those in Fermilab, can replicate these conditions and produce them in large numbers. During the experiment-an experiment aimed at explaining the difference between theoretical predictions and experimental measurements found more than 20 years ago-mesons surround the Muon g-2 magnet and interact with the “foam” of short-lived subatomic particles. These interactions affect the factors that accelerate or slow down the muon path. The standard model can accurately predict this abnormal behavior, but if subatomic particles are subjected to additional forces or other particles not recorded in the model, the impact is different. “The measured number reflects the interaction of muons with all other matter in the universe. However, when theorists use the known forces and particles of the Standard Model to calculate with the same number, we will not come to the same answer.” Renee Fatemi of the University of Kentucky explained, “This clearly proves that mesons are sensitive to things that have not been theorized”, citing a press release.
Laboratory director Joe Lykken described this work as “an extraordinary achievement that will guide research beyond the Standard Model in the next few years.” This is exciting for research in particle physics. At the moment, Fermilab is at the forefront.” But it is the scientists themselves who are involved in the experiment, and there is no conclusion. As Vice pointed out, especially because, as Vice pointed out, several research institutes in Europe this week A group of physicists concluded in an article published in the journal Nature that there is no gap between the magnetic behavior of mesons and the predictions of the Standard Model.