At present, neither the European special forces nor the local army can take over France’s actions to curb jihadist violence.
analysis. Announced on June 10, “A profound change [la] Military presence [française] In the Sahel” However, President Emmanuel Macron (Emmanuel Macron) did not draw an accurate outline, but he raised more questions than he opened up new ways to get the region out of the vortex of violence that has plagued the region for nearly a decade.
Since François Hollande ordered the launch of the “Serval” military operation in 2013, France has been at the highest level in the Sahel in each of the three “Ds” that constitute its regional policy. Frontier: Diplomacy, national defense, development. At that time, Mali threatened to implosion under the combined influence of the Tuareg independence movement, and was soon replaced by jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaida or the Islamic State, whose cross-border agenda was not limited to dividing the country. French intervention avoided the worst. According to the terminology used by the Ministry of Armed Forces, GAT was too exposed to the French strike force, “terrorist armed group”, already known to be defeated. They have been scattered on the beach. Before rebirth.
Someone has already asked why France intervened in the Sahel on such a large scale. According to the official statement at the time, the purpose was to prevent jihadists from seizing the capital Bamako and turning Mali into a training base to train apprentice suicide bombers destined to attack European countries. This explanation left more than one doubter. It is one thing to control half of Mali’s sparsely populated desert, where the independent cause and distrust of the central state have provided fertile ground for the development of GAT. For them, it is better to occupy open land than to drive the country away. But the conquest of the “useful Mali”, densely populated, hostile to the arguments of separatism, and not very permeable to the most radical Islamism, is a challenge that they cannot reach.
Once the first part of the conflict is won, should the French soldiers return to the barracks instead of “Based on long-term management” ? No one can rewrite history. In spite of this, President Macron still wants to turn the page of “Bak Khan”. The jihadist violence is far from being curbed, but has spread to neighboring Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, and now spreads to the northern regions of several countries bordering the Gulf of Guinea. Approximately 5,000 French soldiers deployed in an area of millions of square kilometers can do nothing about this. “Our commitment in the Sahel will not last forever”, So the head of state was warned.
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