Twenty-one years after starting to regulate the Internet, Beijing is strengthening its legislation to better monitor Internet users.
Broader definitions of crime, higher fines, and the increasing role of “public safety” (i.e. the police)… Twenty-one years after starting to regulate the Internet, China is preparing to sort out existing legislation to strengthen control over the Internet Users and operators. Indeed, in the past two decades, cyberspace has been turned upside down, not only because of the rise of China.
In March 2000, facing the Communist Party’s desire to control the global network, US President Clinton joked: “Good luck! It’s a bit like trying to nail jelly to the wall.” At that time, the Middle East Empire had 22 million users and was a technical dwarf. Today, it has nearly one billion Internet users. Most importantly, its flagship products Alibaba, Tencent and Baidu are not the envy of Silicon Valley. China’s secret? Of course, its huge internal market also has the concept of cyber sovereignty that was put forward in 2010.
One year after Google.com was first blocked-no longer just Google.cn-Beijing published a white paper that year, explaining that the Internet will become one of the levers for China’s growth in the next five years, but the most important Yes“In China, the Internet is governed by China’s sovereignty.” so it is “Protecting national security and public interest”, Specify the document.
After Xi Jinping became president in 2013, he only confirmed this strategy. “We must respect the right of each country to choose its own e-government model and Internet policy”, He announced at the World Internet Conference held in China in 2015 that he only confirmed the fact that the degree of globalization of the Internet is decreasing.
“Since the 2000s, sovereignty has been one of the main concerns of Chinese leaders, but at that time they lacked confidence and heard no voice. Now, more and more countries see this dependence on the American giant and seek Remedy. Some are authoritarian states, some are not”, Take note of Séverine Arsène, an associate researcher at Medialab in Sciences Po, Hong Kong.