There are 8,000 to 12,000 species of wild animals kept in captivity in the country, which is three to four times that of wild animals. They are mainly used for hunting and bone trade with Asia.
For many years, although they condemned the fate of captive lions through shocking images and scientific reports, the South African Wildlife Conservation Society howled at night. When they heard the Minister of the Environment Barbara Creecy announced the imminent ban on lion breeding and all commercial derivatives on May 2, they were shocked. The decision marks a major shift in the direction of South Africa, which hopes to improve its reputation by focusing on more responsible tourism.
“This is huge! This is the first time we have the support of the Minister. The road is still long and tortuous. We know that the breeders will oppose it, but we are confident”, Highlighting Louise de Waal, campaign director of the NGO “Blood Lion”.The organization condemned “Treasure hunt”, The living conditions of lion cubs are left to the caress of tourists, and the trade of lion bones flows to Southeast Asia, where they are considered to have healing virtues. In countries with 8,000 to 12,000 lions, these three practices will soon become a thing of the past, three to four times more than wild lions.
The government issued an announcement and also issued a nearly 600-page report Since 2019, documents written by a committee of approximately 30 experts have delved into the rules of reproduction, hunting and trade of South African lions, elephants, leopards and rhinos. The country is home to some of the most iconic endangered species, such as rhinos: 80% of the world’s population lives in South Africa. But this prestige associated with wildlife is damaged by the image of lions. Sometimes lions who are poisoned during hunting are hunted a few meters away, leaving no chance for the animals.
“The government is beginning to realize that the breeding of lions threatens South Africa’s reputation for protection and tourism.”, Believe in Louise de Waal. The wait will be long. As early as 2018, a parliamentary meeting produced a report recommending a ban on breeding lions for hunting and bone trading. in vain. The National Council of Animal Welfare Association (NSPCA) filed a complaint in 2019, requesting that lion bone export quotas be declared illegal and unconstitutional.
With the advent of Covid-19, the Wildlife Conservation Society has adapted to their claims by emphasizing the health risks associated with farming. In March of this year, “Blood Lion” and “World Animal Protection” published a scientific article listing 60 parasites, bacteria and viruses that have been identified in lions and can be transmitted to humans.