Listening to the Swedish epidemiology major means walking around without a mask in closed public places, freely going to restaurants, cafes and bars during the pandemic, regular classes in elementary schools, and unhindered nationwide Land travel, lodging in hotels and camps, going skiing or in gyms and cinemas. In fact, last year everything in other European countries was considered the main weapon to stop the spread of the virus-blockades, curfews, border closures, mandatory masks and similar measures have seriously changed the daily lives of citizens-Sweden considers this to be excessive and most Unnecessary violations of human rights and normal life, and until recently Swedish law did not allow most of these behaviors.
The Scandinavian Kingdom seeks a way out of the pandemic, mainly by adopting a gentle and gentle method to combat infection, trying to disrupt economic and social processes as little as possible, while ensuring that the health care system does not reach a critical point . The 72-year-old Swedish epidemiologist and professor emeritus of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Johan Giesecke, may be the best description of Sweden’s strategy. The expert once hired the current director of the Swedish School of Public Health, John Carr. Sen and chief state epidemiologist Anders Tegnell (Anders Tegnell) also called them “his boyfriends.”
“The Swedish government decided in early January that the measures we are taking in response to this pandemic should be based on evidence. If you look at the measures being taken in different countries now, you will find that they have very little evidence base. We know that of course there is already. More than 150 years of history. That is, in a pandemic, people should wash their hands for themselves and others. However, the rest, such as closing borders, closing schools, and social exclusion, usually have no scientific basis.” Tell “UnHeard” on April 17.
Although Sweden was under pressure from the coronavirus last fall, Sweden has tightened its measures to some extent, but the strategy does not deviate significantly from these programmatic Giesecke words in nature. Therefore, Swedish professionals have concluded that the blockade does more harm than good and has very limited impact in Western democracies. In March last year, Europe faced a viral tsunami. Giesecke and like-minded people believed that the spreading wave was unstoppable and that no matter what measures it took, it would attack everyone on the continent with the same force. country.
Today, one year later, according to data from the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Sweden has the 9th highest infection rate in Europe (759 infections per 100,000 people in the past 14 days) and the lowest mortality rate on the African continent. In the sixth place. In the past 14 days, there were 100,000 people), 14 days, or eight times less than Croatia), second only to Iceland, Liechtenstein, Denmark, Norway and Finland, mainly due to the highly targeted vaccination. The Swedish hospital system has made great efforts and benefited from huge material resources. It has successfully resisted two major waves of infections. It is currently in the third wave of infections. Swedish citizens may still enjoy Europe’s freedom from epidemiological restrictions. The greatest freedom.
As of April 8, 2021, a total of 13,621 Swedes have died from the coronavirus. According to data from Johns Hopkins University in the United States, Sweden has ranked 26th in the world in terms of overall mortality since the beginning of the pandemic. Currently, Sweden’s overall covid-19 death rate is lower than in North and South America, the European Union, the United States and the United Kingdom (measured by average).
However, Sweden’s attitude towards this pandemic is not a fairy tale, but an expensive battle for the normal life and health of the country in all aspects, which leaves many unsolved problems. Although Tegnell and the Institute of Public Health have been widely trusted by the public, and Sweden has performed better than most European countries, including Croatia, many people believe that the death rate should not be many times higher than all other Nordic countries.
For weeks, the Swedes have assured the public that there will be no pandemic. Tegnell, Sweden’s chief epidemiologist, told Aftonbladet on February 26, 2020: “I don’t believe this infection will spread further in Sweden.” This is the first case in Sweden from a woman returning from Wuhan. Coronavirus patient for nearly a month. Then, he said on March 8 that he believed this infection would only persist in China. Three days later, the first Swede with the coronavirus died in a Stockholm hospital. The vortex of infection was unstoppable. By the end of March, nearly 300 people had died in Sweden and nearly 5,000 were infected. On the first day of April, more than 400 patients used respirators. At that time, the total number of infections in Croatia was less than 1,000, and only 7 died of covid-19.
This situation continued until May, when Sweden had the highest mortality rate in the world, but as Europe entered a state of confinement, Sweden’s epidemiological measures were limited to limiting public gatherings to 500 people and prohibiting visits to nursing homes. And a series of recommendations have no supervision or sanctions. As expected, otherwise vulnerable disease-prone populations have paid the highest price for this pandemic. The mortality rate in nursing homes is extremely high. In the wider area of Stockholm, as many as one-fifth of household users are infected, and the mortality rate in some institutions reaches 9%.
Tegnell continued to spread unfounded optimism. As early as March 6, he told Dagen Nyheter: “I think the worst is over.” School, kindergarten , Restaurants, bars, nightclubs, swimming pools, stadiums, public transportation, museums, everything is still open, the Swedes are actually still living, as if not affected by the epidemic. Although there is no hysteria or stampede of foodstuffs among the public, and public health officials have not declared citizens as bioterrorists, the media is full of lack of protective equipment, incompetence and incompetence of nursing home staff, inadequate hygiene practices and the elderly. The testimony is reported. Citizens need to take the coronavirus in just a few days. In the most difficult days in mid-April, 115 people died every day, and the average age of the dead finally reached nearly 84 years old.
“Sweden has failed to protect the elderly. We have not done enough. We should ban visits to the houses of the elderly and allow them to recover quickly. In addition, many of the employees in the houses come from other countries, some of them are refugees and asylum seekers. Ke said in April that he was looking for the alibi of “his boy” from the School of Public Health, but they were shocked by the power and mortality of the epidemic.
In April, the Swedish example began to arouse the interest of international media and health professionals. Some people describe Sweden’s strategy as a dangerous experiment on their own population, others call Sweden the last oasis of personal freedom in Europe, and others spread sensational stories about “elderly death” and hypoxia or on dying patients. The story of intensive care. Many Swedish scientists and health experts expressed concern about the high mortality rate and the yet-decreased infection rate. They publicly called for the immediate implementation of the lockdown and declared a disaster.
There are also some disastrous predictions. The most notable one is the prediction in early April 2020. Among them, Nela Brusselaers, assistant professor of clinical epidemiology at the Karolinska Institute, and some Swedes and Belgian colleagues predict that covida-19 will kill at least 52,000 people, and can accommodate up to 183,000 people, and the demand for beds in the intensive care unit will be more than 40 times the capacity. There were also public calls for the arrest of Tegnell, who soon began to receive even death threats. But he did not give up his strategy. He explained the negative image of Sweden spreading around the world through differences in statistical methods.
“Unfortunately, we have a lot of cases in Sweden, but our statistics are accurate, which may be why our numbers are more real, and we seem to have more cases than in many other countries. For example, the dead in certain countries Only the dead were covid-19.” In April last year, Tegnell told Swedish National Television.
However, some criticisms are well-founded, and there are fewer criticisms of Tegnell, and in general, more criticisms of the elderly care system. The Health and Social Welfare Inspection Office (IVO) found in the fall of 2020 that 91 out of 1,700 nursing homes in Sweden had serious treatment failures. These elderly people accounted for 60% of all deaths in the country. Facts have proved that during the coronavirus infection period, people between the ages of 85 and 95 (slightly less than 300 people) had no contact with doctors (slightly less than 300 people).