Studies by more than 60 scientists have shown that the habitats of great apes such as gorillas, bonobos and chimpanzees will shrink dramatically in the next 30 years.
According to research published in the journal Diversity and Distributions, by the middle of this century, as many as 85% of the current ape population will no longer have habitat. Habitat destruction is closely related to climate change, deforestation and population growth.
Gorillas, bonobos and chimpanzees are threatened by a dark future, the doctor warned. The co-author of the study, Ilka Herbinger of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
“In many parts of Africa, our close relatives are threatened with extinction,” she said. He urged that climate collapse and deforestation must be stopped to reduce the mass extinction of great apes.
According to the study, which was first released on Sunday, maintaining and establishing “connections and corridors” between habitats that may become refuges in the future is also critical to the survival of African monkeys.
For example, mountains are currently not suitable for the habitat of certain great apes, but this is expected to change with global warming. If animals can migrate from lowlands to mountains, theoretically they can survive.
The study is the first to comprehensively study the impact of climate change, land use, and population growth on the future population range of gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos. At present, all African monkeys are included in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Endangered Species, as endangered or critically endangered.