forum. Most of them arrived in France in the early 1980s more than 40 years ago. They participated in a huge wave of political and social protests, which left a deep impression on Italy in the ten years after 1968. They came from different groups with different histories and were prosecuted by Italian courts for their activities. They are protected by the so-called “Mitterrandism”: because in some cases, the operating conditions of the Italian judiciary are determined by the urgent need to respond to social protests against terrorist acts. Worrying that all fairness guarantees have not been respected; because more generally speaking, Italian exiles publicly announced that they are abandoning political activities, they believe that past activities have ended, and have given up violence.
Mitterrand’s doctrine is not a written text, it has value only as a political decision. But this is based on a reasoning, which was later reconfirmed by the governments of several countries. We think this is undoubtedly worth reviewing. It has never included removing the guilty party from a fair judgment, nor has it questioned the right of a country to safeguard its judicial system. In fact, it only establishes a mechanism that includes making political decisions-facing the pain and general fragmentation of a country’s cohesion. Once this fragmented political background seems to disappear, it will establish conditions in order to achieve unity and peace.
Therefore, it does not involve individual cases, but faces fractures that have occurred, it has recorded violence, and now seems to have passed: it happened Reconstruct the problem of fractures. It will not eliminate errors and responsibilities, nor will it deny what happened. It just allows the country to start life again. It undoubtedly enables historians to start work, that is to say, to transform the pain of moving into objects of knowledge.
For the leading years, in the late 1990s, Italy itself considered and almost realized a similar possibility, because the chapter must be declared closed-again don’t forget, but to liberate the country from a moment. The present has passed, and the task of historical creation has been handed over to the historian.
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