Lost working days increased by 67%. Layoffs had the greatest impact in the second quarter. At the last minute of the year, the disease kept most workers at home.
Portugal is one of the EU countries that suffered the most workday losses from the pandemic last year, and the absenteeism rate has soared by 67% over the previous year.
According to new micro-data released by Eurostat yesterday, DN/Dinheiro Vivo calculated that the country’s working days were reduced by 175 million days last year. Compared with the previous year, the number of absentee days exceeded 70 million.
In stark contrast to the Portuguese data, the number of lost working days in the EU total increased by only 38%, and the group of countries recorded 6.6 billion absenteeism, an increase of 1.8 billion from 2019.
If the increase in the number of absentees in Portugal is much higher than the number observed by the G27, the country has not yet recorded the loss of working days, which is obvious compared with the situation in Italy and Spain, and the number of absentees compared with Italy and Spain Almost doubled. The situation in 2019 (increase of 86% and 82% respectively).
The countries that have the least impact in terms of workday losses are Finland and the Netherlands, where the annual rate of absenteeism has increased by only 8% over the previous year.
In the case of Portugal, during the period of school closures and the need to help minors who do not have face-to-face courses, women were absent for 58% of more than 175 million working days. Data from Portugal show that workers have assumed this role. In the 27 groups, the percentage of women in the total number of lost days dropped to 53%.
The calculation of DN/Dinheiro Vivo takes into account the global data of the European Union, and in isolation only considers countries where Eurostat collects complete data on absent workers every week (including 2019 and 2020), so it can be compared. In order to calculate the total number of days lost, assume a five-day week.
By the way, April is the month where the pandemic has the greatest impact on absenteeism. Compared with the previous year, it is reasonable to prove that the number of extra days lost has been reduced by half.
The micro data provided by Eurostat also explained the main reasons for absenteeism throughout the year-based on the quarterly average of absenteeism-and confirmed the advantage of layoffs on the same day. Many jobs were lost in the second quarter of last year.
During this period, more than one million workers were absent, and 63% of them were laid off. The second main reason is sick leave, which accounts for 16% of Portuguese workers’ absenteeism from April to June.
In the third quarter, an average of 784,000 people were absent from work, and vacation time was the main reason for leaving the workplace. Two-thirds of absenteeism are due to this reason.
However, in the last quarter of the year, sick leave caused almost half of the absenteeism. Of course, in the months from October to December, 46% of the 400,000 registered absentees were out of work because of illness.