For several weeks, Jerusalem has been the scene of tension. Clashes between Palestinians in East Jerusalem and Israeli police have injured hundreds of people. Five questions about the escalation and where the anger comes from.
Why is Jerusalem divided into two?
This is related to the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. When the United Nations decided to divide the former British Palestinian Territory into Jews and Arabs, both parties claimed control of the city. In the ensuing war, the Israelis conquered West Jerusalem. East Jerusalem fell into the hands of Jordan.
During the “Six-Day War” in 1967, Israel conquered the eastern part of the city and occupied the rest of the West Bank. Today, Israel sees East Jerusalem as Israel’s territory. The international community regards it as an occupied Palestinian territory.
A barrier extends between the two halves: in some places, a wall, sometimes a fence. West Jerusalem is almost entirely inhabited by Jewish Israelis. Israelis also live in East Jerusalem, Palestine, because they also consider the area as an Israeli area. Palestinians and many international communities regard these people as settlers.
Why is the old city so important?
The center of Jerusalem’s ancient walls, also known as the Old City, is an important place for three main religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.It is also home to several holy sites, including Al-Aqsa Mosque, where violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli police broke out on Friday night uploaded.
The old city is divided into five areas, four of which are Christians, Jews, Muslims and Armenians. The fifth part, the Temple Mount, has a special meaning for all religions, and therefore has a special status. Officially, the Temple Mount is managed by the Jordan Foundation because East Jerusalem was Jordanian territory until 1967.
Since Jerusalem is an important area for all the population in the area, political choices around the city often cause controversy. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority declared Jerusalem as their capital. Former President Trump decided to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in support of Israel’s claims. This decision has met with widespread international opposition.
Why are there protests?
The protests last week revolved around the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood, about two kilometers north of the old city. This area is mainly home to Palestinian descendants who were expelled from West Jerusalem in 1948. Naha Or call it “disaster”. Using this term, they more broadly refer to the 750,000 Palestinians who were expelled and fled during the establishment of the State of Israel.
While East Jerusalem was still in Jordan’s hands, the land was donated to the Palestinians. In the years following the Israeli occupation, Israeli settlers filed lawsuits against the Palestinians and won several lawsuits, claiming that the land belonged to them. Last week, an Israeli judge ordered four Palestinian families to leave their homes to make way for Jewish Israelis.
Palestinians who are now demonstrating say they are afraid of new Palestinians. Naha. An expelled Palestinian said: “They don’t want Arabs in Sheikh Jarrah or anywhere in East Jerusalem.” New York Times. “When the Arabs leave, they can surround the old city.”
What is the basis for both parties’ claims on East Jerusalem?
Palestinians killed in the war Naha Came to Sheikh Jarrah and other communities and came there as refugees. Jordan handed over its territory to the Palestinians who were building houses there. Some families have lived in these areas for generations.
If someone destroys your land, do you have the right to expel them?
Jewish Israelis say their ancestors have been expelled from the area: before Jordan occupied the area in 1948, it was owned by Jews.The Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem will associate current Palestinian residents with house. The government of Prime Minister Natanyahu regards the riot of evictions as a “real estate issue”. According to Israeli law, Israeli Jews are allowed to claim compensation for territories killed in the war.
On the other hand, under Israeli law, Palestinian residents have no right to live in East Jerusalem. The Palestinians also have no right to claim their original houses on Israeli territory before 1948. Therefore, when settlers file a lawsuit, they usually prove to be correct. After the Sheikh Jarrah riots, the Supreme Court has postponed the hearing of this case for thirty days.
If this happens frequently, why is it displayed so intensely now?
Large-scale protests in recent weeks have been linked to Ramadan. During the fasting months, confrontations between Palestinians and Israelis became more frequent.
However, time is not the only reason for violence: expulsion is a symbol for many Palestinians. Strengthen the relationship Between Arabs and Jews. The closure of a square in East Jerusalem has led to riots in April, with extreme right-wing Jews also participating. At the same time, Hamas and Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip bombed each other with rockets and air strikes.
There is no hope of improvement in the political situation. Israel has been in a political stalemate for many years, and the escalation between Palestinians and Israelis may benefit Prime Minister Netanyahu. As President Abbas has postponed the first Palestinian election in 15 years, the Palestinians feel very frustrated. According to Abbas, he did this because Israel did not want Palestinians in East Jerusalem to vote. Many Palestinians also accused Abbas of cooperating too closely with Israel. These frustrations were also reflected in the demonstrations.