These measures were taken after the arbitrary arrest of opponents and the suppression of them by the head of state on the eve of the presidential election in November.
The number of relatives of Daniel Ortega blacklisted by the United States has increased after the political streak, marked by the arbitrary arrest of several opposition candidates in the November presidential election. On Wednesday, June 9, the U.S. Treasury Department decided to sanction the four entourages of President Sandino of Nicaragua, including his daughter, Camila Antonia Ortega Murillo, Coordinator of the Creative Economy Council, and Leonardo Reyes, Governor of the Central Bank. A member of the country’s election commission and an army general have also been identified by Washington as active supporters of Mr. Ortega.
These senior officials no longer have access to the property and businesses they own on American soil. Any entity operating in the United States no longer has the right to conduct any financial transactions with them. “This is a way to combat the regime in the wallet, Explained Gilles Bataillon, a sociologist at the School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences and a Nicaraguan expert. These Sandinista elitesAmerican life And own money and property in the United States. “
The U.S. Treasury Department said in a statement that it will continue its policy of sanctions against those who violate the regulations. “Support the Ortega regime”, According to him guilty “Damaged democracy, violated the human rights of civilians, and implemented repressive laws with serious economic consequences.” MeterI Ortega Murillo has been criticized for his father, president and mother Rosario Murillo, who has been an adviser to the vice president since January 2017. As for Mr. Reyes, the US authorities accused him of acting as president of the Central Bank for implementing a law to ensure that the country exercises stricter control over the economy plagued by corrupt authorities.
In addition to those responsible for these sanctions, the Biden administration also hopes to express its dissatisfaction with the suppression of opposition figures in Nicaragua. In recent days, Mr. Ortega’s regime has actually arrested four candidates in the next presidential election scheduled for November 7. The first victim of this wave of arrests: Cristiana Chamorro, an influential journalist, and former President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro (Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, 1990) -1997) daughter.
He was placed under house arrest on Wednesday, June 2, which aroused great emotions among defenders of human rights and democracy. The prospect of the opposition banning voting seems increasingly realistic. This situation will be the first time since the return of the leader, Mr. Ortega from 1979 to 1990, before returning to power in 2007.
Soon after the sanctions came into effect, U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Brinken requested on Twitter “Publish Now” The opposition leader made it clear that the new measures are designed to punish “Those who attacked the people of Nicaragua”On the same day, the Nicaraguan authorities continued to arrest a new opponent, José Pallais, members of the coalition of parties who were also barred from participating in elections in November.
Therefore, these sanctions do not seem to be able to stop the despotism of Mr. Ortega’s regime in the short term. However, Gilles Bataillon believes that they may weaken it more permanently, “From a practical point of view, it makes things more complicated for him” And eventually caused internal tension.
Through these sanctions, the Biden administration has a certain continuity with Donald Trump (2017-2021). During his tenure, the former U.S. President also took actions against important members of the regime, including Vice President Rosario Mu, who was barred from trading or owning property on U.S. land after the United States’ bloody suppression of demonstrations. Rosario Murillo. From the spring of 2018.
After the election of Mr. Biden, the Nicaraguan opposition had counted on the elected Democrat to keep the pressure on Mr. Ortega. Five months after taking office, the administration of the new US President signed the first major decision to oppose the Nicaraguan regime.