The Escazu Agreement passed by 24 countries, 12 of which currently have ratified the agreement, the agreement must specifically guarantee the rights of environmental defenders in a region characterized by numerous threats and assassinations.
On April 22 (Thursday), the first environmental treaty in Latin America and the Caribbean was promulgated, especially to protect the rights of environmental defenders, and it was approved by twelve countries.
This “Escazu Agreement” Ensure the protection of the environment and the health of people (mainly indigenous people), promote public participation, access to information and justice on environmental issues. It was the first country to introduce specific regulations to protect the rights of environmental defenders, who were the targets of numerous assassinations in Latin America.
“In 2019, 210 environmental defenders were killed worldwide, including two-thirds of our region”Alicia Barcena, Secretary-General of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Central Europe), said that the United Nations regional agencies promoted the agreement to be adopted in Escazu, southwest of San Jose, Costa Rica in 2018.
Indigenous communities, farmers and activists in the area have repeatedly condemned threats against the interests of mining, forestry, agro-industries, wind energy, hydroelectric power and natural gas companies. The treaty further enables people and communities to obtain information and listen to the decision-making processes that affect their lives and territories.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a taped speech that the agreement has entered into force “Give us hope and inspiration, and pave the way for sustainable and resilient regulation” Stop climate change, the collapse of biodiversity and environmental pollution.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said “In the face of environmental destruction and injustice, legal instruments such as the Escazú Agreement are essential to hold nations accountable and defend the rights and health of humans and the planet.”.
After 24 countries, including Brazil, adopted the agreement, 12 of them ratified the agreement (Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, San Chi Saints and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Lucia and Uruguay), and the seal is in force on its territory.