After five years of relative calm, more and more immigrants are trying to reach the EU again. There are more deaths and more migrants missing. Whether from the left or the right, Brussels has been criticized for failing to formulate a well-functioning European immigration policy. Without the support of the European Union, member states on the southern and eastern borders are using increasingly severe measures to deter immigration.
Part of the harsher action is pushing back, which is actually pushing migrants back to the border without the opportunity to apply for asylum. This is not allowed under the UN Refugee Convention, but it is happening in all EU countries such as Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Spain and Poland.
Fighting back is not only against international law, but also dangerous.As the reporter Bram Vermeulen showed in a report Reportage Last weekend, he met dozens of Afghans in Greece. He said they were beaten by officials in the border area.According to the Guardian, there are 2000 deaths Immigration cases caused by postponement.
“It has been happening for a long time, but my impression is that it is now happening more publicly and systematically, also during the day,” said MEP and rapporteur Tineke Strik, who represents GroenLinks. Opposition of Frontex, European Border and Coast Guard“It goes unpunished, so countries think they can do it. If we let this continue, we, as the EU, cannot function reliably.”
The EU has failed to evenly distribute the immigration pressure of the southern EU countries to other EU countries. Other member states receive very few asylum seekers, so the heaviest burden falls on the countries bordering the Mediterranean. Stricker said that although these counterattacks are illegal, other member states are blazing new trails. “Keep this going, it seems to be their message. They remain silent because they don’t want to solve this problem.”
Although national monitoring agencies such as the United Nations and the Greek Ombudsman have issued numerous reports, the European Commission has not addressed the member states on these resistances. Serious shortcomings The border guards mentioned the protection of human rights. Strick said that after Athens denies, the committee always operates as usual. “I don’t think the committee can hide behind the formal reply from the Greeks.”
European Commissioner Ilva Johnson assumed that countries protect the basic rights of immigrants. “In the new immigration plan last year, we proposed that all member states establish an independent system to monitor this to ensure that this does not happen. We also proposed to register everyone and those member states to investigate such things. The suggestion of the incident is called a counterattack.”
Criticism from the right
The EU’s lack of good cooperation has also been criticized by right-wing parties in the European Parliament. Like his left-wing counterparts, VVD MEP Malik Azmani called this counterattack “unacceptable.” But he said that this happened because the European Union allowed immigrants to reach the border. Therefore, he called for a stricter agreement.
Azmani said earlier this week that these resistances “are the abnormal effects of an immigration system that has gone bankrupt and cannot adapt to the future”. NOS Radio 1 NewsFor his part, Brussels must arrange to receive immigrants in their own area. “If we want to provide refugees with a place in Europe, we can allow them to come through legal channels rather than the help of smugglers.”
Other methods of deterrence
At the same time, the EU is studying physical and technological means to deter potential asylum seekers. According to the Associated Press, Brussels has invested 3 billion euros in this field since the immigration crisis of 2015-16. Develop high-tech surveillance network Along the southern border. The purpose is to prevent immigrants from crossing the border and applying for asylum procedures. Some of the technologies have been deployed in Greece, and the rest are still being tested in Hungary and other countries in the eastern European Union.
Greece also used acoustic cannons to keep migrants on the Turkish side of the border, which resulted in Distressed response.
Brussels is very quiet
According to a fellow practitioner from the diplomatic community in Brussels, Immigration agreement Last September, the European Commission stopped discussing it at the political level. It has been included on the agenda of the upcoming summit in June, but there is no progress yet.
The source predicts that at least after the French election next year, there will be no substantial changes. “After the immigration crisis in 2015, the EU has not been able to come up with a joint policy. It is unlikely that this will happen in the short term. We have to wait for the next immigration crisis, and the political climate will only intensify during this period. ,” the fellow practitioner said.