The return of the United States to the climate stage has an expected ripple effect on other large greenhouse gas emitters (Japan, Canada, South Korea, etc.). On the other hand, the funding issue is a missed opportunity.
The climate crisis is usually compared with the sprint.Now the main riders have started on the starting line on April 22 (Thursday), and the race is over on the first day of these two days. Climate Leaders Summit. This virtual event, invited by US President Joe Biden, brought together 40 heads of state and government, and attracted important attention in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The lens of this game will lead to the World Climate Conference (COP26) in Glasgow in November, during which countries must increase their efforts.
The United States has returned to the field of climate. Its new goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from 50% to 52% by 2030 compared to 2005. It did have the expected ripple effect on other polluting countries.Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga raised Japan’s target, promising to reduce emissions by 26% by 2030 compared to 2013, compared with the previous target of 26%. “test” It is down by 50%. At the same time, his Canadian colleague Justin Trudeau announced that emissions will be reduced by 40% to 45% from 2005 levels by 2030, instead of the previously set 30% target. As for South Korea, its observers hope it will join the “50% club.” It promises to increase its efforts from now to COP26, and at the same time make its first major commitment: ending financing of coal-fired power stations abroad.
Although these commitments are not yet consistent with limiting global warming to 1.5°C (one of the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement), they “Consists of significant progress”, Observed Niklas Höhne, a German climatologist at the New Climate Institute. “A semantic shift has taken place, which proves the ambition: all heads of state are now talking about the temperature rise not exceeding 1.5°C, and no longer exceeding 2°C”, Lola Vallejo, director of climate at the Institute of Sustainable Development and International Relations pointed out.It also thinks “Peer Pressure System works”, This is because Japan has already submitted its target to the United Nations in 2020, but revised it upward under international pressure.
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