The public garage has shrunk last year, but the fleet is getting aging. Diesel vehicles still dominate.
6.96 million euros. This is the amount the state spent last year Purchase 913 new cars. This is the first time that the invoices for purchasing all public service vehicles are known, provided by the public management shared service entity (eSPap). But public garages continue to age, with diesel vehicles accounting for nearly three-quarters of all cars in the state.
During the pandemic year, the fleet shrank to 20 062 vehicles, 0.5% less than in 2019; the two-year growth period was interrupted. Last year, more cars left than items: the fleet lost 1,251 cars—more than three-quarters were slaughtered—and 1,123 cars arrived—in addition to purchases, 199 cars entered due to seizures or donations.
The past decade has been characterized by a continuous decrease in the number of state-owned vehicles: in 2010, there were 28,350 registered vehicles in the public inventory. Since then, a plan to scrap two old cars to buy a new unit has been launched. Each car slaughtered last year had an average age of 19 years and a mileage of more than 300,000 kilometers.
946 cars scrapped generate Saving for taxpayers From Reach 5.44 million euros in 2020 aloneIn addition to lower fuel costs—new cars cost less—there are fewer maintenance, repair, and tire costs, as well as fewer parking fees. eSPap also assumes that its bets on lower-tier new cars cost less than the slaughtered cars.
Centralized procurement has also reduced taxpayers’ costs by approximately 950,000 euros: if they were purchased one by one, the investment in the fleet last year would reach 7.9 million euros.
Please also note that there are increasing commitments to purchase new units through lease contracts (known as AOVs), with 285 of the 913 new registrations allowed entry last year, totaling 5.7 million euros.
However, scrapping old cars is not enough to prevent the aging of parking lots in the state. Last year, the average age of each car was 15.9 years. Since 2010, buses have been aging ——Although the situation was worse in 2018, an average of 16.6 years. This situation is similar to the situation of more than 6 million cars in the Portuguese garage, who have an average of 13.2 years of records.
The problem may get worse because more than two-thirds of cars in the state have been in use for 13 years or more, which can have an impact on pollution, driver and passenger safety, and maintenance costs.
Six out of every 10 vehicles in the state are light passenger vehicles, and 21.3% of the units are commercial trucks. There are 2,104 motorcycles, 1,215 trucks, 462 ambulances, and 553 buses.
Despite Portugal’s commitment to reduce emissions, filling up the gas tank is a custom for state-owned cars. More than 97% of garage members have internal combustion engines.
Diesel largely dominates the country’s preferences, 74% of the quota; From 2019 to 2020, 124 new diesel engines will be added. On the other hand, the weight of gasoline vehicles dropped from 24% to 23%.
In contrast, in the general car market, diesel cars are no longer so popular: last year it had a registration rate of 44.5%-compared with 49.6% in 2019. Individuals are increasingly betting on electric cars, which in the past conquered 4.6% of the market-if only passenger cars were counted, the percentage would rise to 5.4%.
If we look at the country, only 428 battery-only vehicles are in stock, that is, 2% of the national fleet. The reason for the decrease is the public administration’s plan to support electric vehicles. The project was launched in 2014 and can inject fuel into 1,200 electric vehicles to replace combustion devices with a service life of more than 10 years.
The battery cars are leased into the fleet for a period of 48 months. The plan is partly supported by the Environmental Fund managed by the Ministry of Environment and Climate Action.