At the summit in England on Sunday, the G7 Group failed to reach an agreement on the phasing out of coal in its final statement on a series of global issues, which is considered critical to global warming.
Diplomats said that the G7 members’ proposal to shut down all traditional coal-fired power plants before the 2030s was not accepted, mainly due to the opposition of the United States.
After the final statement, the leaders of the Group of Seven countries reserved the possibility of further increasing the national carbon dioxide emission reduction target before the major UN climate meeting in Glasgow in November.
The statement said that for the first time they pledged to achieve climate neutrality “as soon as possible, and by 2050 at the latest.”
Critics pointed out that the 2050 goal can only be achieved by setting clear goals now, and the statement did not say this.
The G7 leaders also reaffirmed their commitment to raise $100 billion in public and private funds for poor countries each year.
This will help them cope with climate change.
The G7 leaders also agreed to approve the global minimum tax for multinational companies.
Earlier this month, the Minister of Finance accepted a minimum global tax of at least 15% on large multinational companies to prevent them from using so-called tax havens to avoid taxes.
The leaders of the G7 supported the Tokyo Olympics from July 23 to August 8. It was originally scheduled to be held last year, but it was postponed due to the pandemic.
The statement said that they hope the Olympics will be “safely held as a symbol of world unity and victory over covid-19.”
The leaders of the world’s richest economy also called for an immediate ceasefire in Ethiopia’s Tigray region.
They said: “We are deeply concerned about reports of conflicts and unprecedented humanitarian tragedies in the Tigray region of Ethiopia,” and they called for “an immediate cessation of hostilities and access to humanitarian organizations” to people in need.
In November last year, the Ethiopian government forces and the former ruling Tigray Regional People’s Front Party broke out in Tigray conflict. Soldiers from neighboring Eritrea also participated in the conflict by helping the Ethiopian government.