For the first time since the communist revolution in 1959, Cuba will not be led by Castro.
Raul Castro, 89, delivered a speech at the party’s annual convention today, saying that he will resign as the leader of the Communist Party.
Castro said at a conference in Havana: “I firmly believe in the strength, virtue and understanding of my fellow citizens. As long as I live, I will be ready to defend my homeland, revolution and socialism.”
Fidel Castro led the communist revolution that overthrew the Cuban government in 1959, and his brother Raul was one of the commanders.
Raul was born on June 3, 1931. He studied economics at the University of Havana and joined the Communist Youth Association there. In 1953, he assisted his brother Fidel in the project and launched an attack on the Moncada barracks with the goal of overthrowing the government of General Fulgencio Batista British Broadcasting Corporation.
Their attack was unsuccessful and Raul was sentenced to 13 years in prison. He was amnesty in 1955 and then went into exile in Mexico. There he befriended the Argentine revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara (Ernesto Che Guevara).
Raúl returned to Cuba in December 1956 and later carried out guerrilla operations that led to the overthrow of the government of General Batista. After the success of the communist revolution, Fidel Castro became prime minister and placed Raul under the leadership of the revolutionary armed forces.
After his brother Fidel died in 2008, Raul led the party.
The four-day Congress of the Cuban Communist Party began yesterday. This historic meeting should mark the end of the Castro family’s rule and the arrival of a new generation of leaders.
Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel (Miguel Diaz-Canel) was asked to take over as the leader of the party. He wrote on Twitter: “To dream and continue this country, today we will begin Eight congresses.”
Diaz-Canel added that this is a continuous conference and emphasized that the direction of the Cuban government will not change. Cuba is one of the last five communist countries.
After Fidel Castro passed away in 2016 and now his 89-year-old brother Raul retires, the political situation of Cuba and its citizens has undergone new changes, many of whom only know the famous revolution The power of the family their lives.
Ramon Blande, an 84-year-old communist, said: “Raul will no longer be the leader of the party, but in case of trouble, Raul will be there. He is not dead yet.” He believes Diaz-Canel, 60, is still very young, but the problem is still waiting for him.
Yesterday, hundreds of representatives from Cuba’s provinces gathered in the capital Havana to discuss important issues in the country. Their closed-door meeting happened on the same day that Fidel Castro declared that the Cuban Revolution had socialist characteristics 60 years ago.
Cuba is congratulated by other communist countries (China, Vietnam, Laos and North Korea). At the time, residents on the streets of Cuba were plagued by empty tourists due to the pandemic, worried about food shortages, queues in shops and high inflation.