The last attempt to negotiate between the two countries ended in Kinshasa on Tuesday night due to further failure.
Ethiopia announced on Wednesday, April 7, that despite the continuing disputes with its downstream neighbors Egypt and Sudan, it will continue to build giant dams on the Nile River. Although these two neighboring countries are on the insured’s position, Do not rule out any choice. Defend your own interests. These statements are the first of the fruitless negotiations conducted by the foreign ministers of the three countries in Kinshasa under the auspices of the Congolese head of state and the current African Union (AU) chairman Félix Tshisekedi. Two days.
Since Ethiopia started work on the dam in 2011, Egypt and Sudan hope to reach a tripartite agreement on the operation of the dam before it starts operations. But Ethiopia believes that this kind of water injection is an integral part of its Great Renaissance Dam (GERD) construction, so it cannot be delayed. Ethiopian Water Resources Minister Seleshi Bekele announced on Wednesday that despite the impasse in diplomacy, the first phase of irrigation has been completed in 2020 and will therefore continue in the next rainy season, which will begin in June or July. “As construction progresses, fill in”, He said at a press conference. “We did not give up”, He promised.
Sudan’s Minister of Irrigation, Yasser Abbas, warned Addis Ababa from Khartoum, “All options are possible, including a return to the Security Council and the road to political hardening”, with “Ethiopia conducts a second supply without consent”. Egyptian President Abdul Fatah Sisi also reiterated his warning. “I said to the Ethiopian brothers: Don’t touch a drop of water in Egypt, because all options are open.”, He said at a ceremony held in eastern Cairo. At the end of March, President Sisi already mentioned “Unimaginable instability” If the dam threatens A drop of water Egyptian.
Since the first stone was laid in April 2011, GERD has been a source of tension between these three countries. This large dam was built in northwestern Ethiopia with a total water volume of 74 billion cubic meters. The Blue Nile near the border with Sudan forms the Nile with the White Nile in Khartoum. With a declared capacity of close to 6,500 megawatts, it has the potential to become the largest hydroelectric dam in Africa.
Ethiopia says that the hydroelectric power generated by the dam is essential to meet the energy needs of its 110 million people. However, Egypt, which relies on about 97% of the Nile for irrigation and drinking water, sees Ethiopia’s dams as a threat to its water supply. At the same time, Sudan is worried that if Ethiopia completely replenishes GERD before reaching an agreement, its dam may be destroyed.