Since taking office in 1999, the outgoing head of state has used the country’s strategic position to develop trade without trying to curb unemployment.
In Djibouti, UMP still exists, and like the French UMP of the same name, it seems to be firmly anchored at the top of the state. After 22 years in power, its champion President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh will seek a fifth term on Friday, April 9. The ballots once again indicate that the indestructible tenants of Haramous Palace will win.
Although he must face six other candidates in 2016, the 73-year-old head of state is competing with an opponent, businessman Zakaria Ismaïl Farah. It has recently entered the political realm and is relatively unknown. The latter is seen as a cover for the regime. The main opponents are in exile, and their formation called for a boycott, some of them united under the banner of the National Rescue Union (USN).
« Djibouti remains a rentier country led by patrons and nepotism regimes”, Pointed out the Horn of Africa expert Sonia Le Gouriellec (Sonia Le Gouriellec). Although dozens of people’s protests made the movement dazzling, the country has not experienced a frenetic outburst similar to the protests that broke out in June 2020 to protest the entry of Lieutenant’Air Fouad Youssouf Ali. Prison conditions. The soldier fled to Ethiopia before being extradited. A few months ago, he released a video that made him notorious. In the video, he condemned the discrimination he suffered because of his tribal background. It has been forgotten since then.
“Although the opposition has shown lethality on social networks, there is still a certain sense of boredom on the spot., Observe Sonia Le Gouriellec. The big powers try to buy social peace through some funds and the issuance of “Carter”. [une plante très consommée dans la Corne de l’Afrique et au Yémen, dont les feuilles mâchées ont des effets psychotropes]. However, people have no illusions: when they evoke the beautiful houses being built in the capital, the Djiboutians are talking about the “thief zone.” “
This is the paradox of the 23,200 kilometers of territory2 pcs The country has a population of nearly 1 million people: despite its diplomatic methods and the economic ambitions of the president, the country is still far away from “African Singapore”. Although this activity is maintained in 2020 (-1%), it still appears in 166E It occupies 189th place in human development. Local unemployment affects more than 60% of the population, especially those under the age of 30.