Since SARS-CoV-2 was discovered in China in December 2019, 3 million people have died, including 1 million in Europe. In some areas, such huge casualties have caused a decline in life expectancy.
The death toll caused by the Covid-19 epidemic has infected 137 million people worldwide, and is currently approaching 3 million deaths. In recent weeks, especially in Brazil and India, the number of deaths has accelerated a new increase: if death a year later The number reached 2 million, and it only took three months to reach the three million mark. The first more toxic variants discovered in the UK, Brazil and South Africa, as well as population fatigue caused by health measures and restrictions, can explain this new wave.
However, from one continent to another, and even from one country to another, the known causes of death will vary, depending on whether they are related to the coronavirus, recorded in a hospital or at home. Statistics also depend on the strength of health, social and statistical systems, and the degree of political transparency.
Only 52 large European countries east of Russia and Azerbaijan have recorded nearly 1.1 million deaths. The United Kingdom, Russia, France, Italy and Germany have concentrated 60% of coronavirus-related deaths on the continent. However, relative to its population, the small Czech country has the largest number of deaths, with 263 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Hungary (245), Bosnia (225), Montenegro (223) and Bulgaria (208).
In Spain, more than 75,300 people have been killed. In December 2020, the Pedro Sanchez government had to reassess the number of deaths between March 2020 and May 2020, which was 70% higher than the data provided at the time. At the end of May, the Ministry of Health reported 27,127 Covid-19-related deaths. After review by the National Bureau of Statistics, this number increased to 45,684 deaths.
According to data from the public health agency Sciensano, in Belgium, the excess mortality rate in 2020 reached 16.6%. The death toll has increased by 17,966 compared with previous years. The main reason for the increase is Covid-19, and a small part is due to the heat wave that raged in August (an estimated 1,500 deaths). Thierry Eggerickx, a researcher at the National Foundation for Scientific Research and a professor of demography at the Catholic University of Leuven, pointed out that the pandemic has reduced the life expectancy of men by 1.1 years and the life expectancy of women by 0.9 years.