A French study showed that there is communication between intestinal bacteria and mitochondria in horse cells. The sending of this chemical signal helps improve the horse’s exercise ability.
The use of chemical signals to communicate bacteria in the horse’s intestines with mitochondria helps to better manage energy levels and improve animal body functions. “We are the first to prove that certain types of equine intestinal bacteria communicate with mitochondria in equine cells through chemical signals to regulate and produce energy (…). We believe that metabolites-the division of small molecules in larger molecules The food or growth produced by these bacteria has the effect of delaying low blood sugar levels and cell inflammation, thereby improving the horse’s exercise capacity.” explained Eric Barrey of the National Agricultural Research Institute. , French food and environment.
The scientific community pays more attention to mitochondria, which are usually the elements responsible for energy production in cells. It is believed that there is a connection between the dysfunction of these elements and the microbiota in the intestine.
In this study, the researchers analyzed blood samples collected from 20 healthy horses before and after the demanding eight-hour race.Nuria March, who also signed the study, revealed: “These samples provide information about chemical signals and specific gene expression, the process by which DNA is transformed into instructions for making proteins or other molecules. In order to understand the composition of bacterial metabolites in the gut, we obtained a stool sample at the beginning of the game”, quoted Eurek Alert. The study concluded that the activated genes are related to the activities in the cells, which help them adapt to energy metabolism.
Scientists discovered that mitochondria originated from bacteria, which may help to understand this way of communication. March said: “Using probiotics and prebiotic supplements to manipulate gut bacteria to feed good bacteria may be a way to improve the health and balance of the microbiota and horses and ensure greater resistance,” March said.