President Ivan Duque said on Sunday that he had ordered the drafting of “decree to modernize the organizational structure of the national police.”
Under pressure from the streets and the international community, Colombian President Ivan Duque announced reforms to the police on Sunday, June 6, accusing him of violently suppressing social demonstrations that have shaken the country since the end of April and causing more than 60 People died.
The conservative head of state said he ordered a draft “The decree will modernize the organizational structure of the national police, first of all to consolidate policies (…) In human rights”, At a police promotion ceremony in Bogotá.The President specifically announced the establishment of a “Ministry of Human Rights” Led by experts outside the police.
In a country marked by decades of armed conflict and the fight against drug trafficking, the police force relies on a statement from the Ministry of Defence detailing the main “pillar” From “reform”. In addition to setting up a dedicated department, “Prevent, protect and respect human rights”, The project provides for the reorganization of internal inspection services and better supervision “Complaint” citizen.Police training will also be reviewed to match “International Standard”, Systematic police officer identity badges and pedestrian cameras.
This is to ensure “Professionalization, so that all police officers receive rights training [humains] And the use of force”Defense Minister Diego Morano told AFP (AFP).
However, the government did not succumb to the demands of the demonstrators. They demanded that the police be completely demilitarized and transformed into civilian institutions.of course Twitter Analyst Jorge Restrepo regrets a decision ” late” WHO “As confidence in the institution deteriorates”.
The announcement of the head of state was made on the day that a delegation from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH) arrived in Colombia, the delegation was responsible for assessing the situation in the region over the past few years. uprising.
Colombia has fallen into poverty due to the pandemic. More than 40% of the 50 million Colombians live below the poverty line and are facing a surge of violence. Since April 28, Colombia has been plagued by widespread popular outrage.
The social movement that led to more or less violent demonstrations and road blockages broke out first, opposing the tax reform project initiated by the government during the Covid-19 pandemic to increase value-added tax and expand the income tax base. The uprising then became a political change to build a more equal society. In the face of the crackdown, the protesters strongly demanded in-depth police reforms.
According to official statistics from Agence France-Presse, at least 61 people have been killed since the beginning of the protest, including two police officers. According to the prosecutor, at least 20 deaths were directly related to the demonstrations.The NGO Human Rights Watch claims“Credible allegations” About 67 deaths, including 32 “Related to the incident”.
The bloodiest day occurred in the city of Cali on May 28 (southwest), when 13 people were killed in clashes between demonstrators, police and armed civilians, prompting the United Nations to call for an independent investigation.