The historian Odilon Caldeira Neto (Odilon Caldeira Neto) analyzed in an article that the Brazilian president embodies a complex movement, namely, the heir to anti-communism, the violence of military dictatorship, the gospel The faction believes in religious intolerance, and especially the anti-globalization populism led by Donald Trump of the United States. Interview “World”.
Odilon Caldeira Neto was born in 1984 and is a professor of contemporary history at Juiz de Fora Federal University (UFJF) in Minas Gerais (southeast Brazil). He is an expert in authoritarian, conservative and neo-fascist movements and is responsible for coordinating the observatory on the far right in Brazil.
Yes, we are seriously wrong! Since the end of the dictatorship in 1985, this is considered ancient history. The birth of a new Brazil, voluntary and democratic. We deceive ourselves. We have forgotten Brazil’s long tradition of extreme rights, which in fact never disappeared.
Late nineteenth centuryE Century and early twentieth centuryE century. In 1889, the Empire [établi à la suite de l’indépendance du pays, en 1822] It was abolished and the republic was established. Brazil is modernizing, democratizing, secularizing, urbanizing and industrializing. This is too much for some elites who are worried about the end of the country’s “moral unity”. It established some organizations in 1916, such as the National Defense League, demanding the establishment of an authoritarian and Christian state.
In the 1920s, this movement accelerated. The Communist Party of Brazil (PCB) established in 1922 frightened the middle class in some cities. Benito Mussolini’s fascism came to power in Italy in the same year and is regarded by many as the only bastion against communism.A small group of fascist inspirations was born, such as the Serens Labour Corps [en 1931], In the northern state of Ceara, plays an important role there.
This is indeed a critical moment. Although it is little known, it is the largest fascist party outside of Europe, with hundreds of thousands of members! To summarize its history, AIB was founded by journalist and intellectual Plinio Salgado (1895-1975). On the journey to Italy, he met Duce. Back in Brazil, the bearded and charming little man set himself a goal of introducing the fascist movement into Brazil. With success.
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