The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released a new report on the health of our planet’s climate, which not only shows that 2020 is one of the first three warmest years in history-despite the pandemic and the phenomenon known as “La Niña”- Moreover, all other indicators are deteriorating. Rising sea levels, melting ice, droughts, extreme weather events, heat waves and other events are increasingly worrying.
although COVID-19 pandemic In 2020, it slowed down human activity And reduced emission of greenhouse gases (And other pollutants), which is not enough to mitigate climate change.In fact, last year The top three hottest in history, Or rather, because the data is in Global temperature. Although the climate phenomenon is called “That girl“In contrast to the El Niño phenomenon, it occurs approximately every five years. cool down Extensive Pacific surface temperature; this usually leads to global climate change and a decrease in average temperature, but global warming In the process, it was so difficult to suppress that this major event had no effect.There Medium temperature Earth in 2020 1,2°C Higher than the pre-industrial record, this number is dangerously close to the threshold of industrialization. 1.5°C, Considered by scientists to be a vital link, since then the link has moved towards the inevitable environmental disaster,All mankind.
Scientists of the World Meteorological Organization (World Meteorological Organization -The World Meteorological Organization) has just released a new report “The State of the Global Climate in 2020 (WMO-No. 1264)”.You can consult in detail By clicking on the link below. In order to calculate the “heating” of the earth, researchers rely on data sets collected by five authoritative institutions/research institutions: Copernicus European Space Agency (ESA) and European Commission; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Noah); NASA; British Metropolitan Office HadCRUT and Japan Meteorological Agency. 2020 is slightly cooler than 2016 (the hottest year in history) and slightly warmer than 2019, although the temperature difference is not statistically significant.What experts worry about is not one year’s data, but trend Observed for several years. It can be said that the last 6 years from 2015 have been the hottest year in history. ten years As of last year. The graphs published by WMO are more illustrative than words. Since the mid-1970s, we have observed a sharp rise in temperature.
WHO Secretary-General Petri Taras said: “It has been 28 years since the World Meteorological Organization issued its first climate report in 1993 due to the predicted climate change at the time. Now, we have another 28 years of data showing a significant increase in land and ocean temperatures, as well as other changes, such as rising sea levels, melting of sea ice and glaciers, and changes in precipitation patterns.” All indicators deteriorate Prove the impact of global warming.
Although the reduction in carbon dioxide emissions blockade,collapsed traffic And reduced industrial activity due to the following reasons COVID-19 pandemic, This carbon dioxide The atmosphere will continue to increase in 2020; according to data from the Met Office, it may reach a record 419.5±0.6 ppm by May 2021, an increase of 2.29 ppm from May 2020. Mean sea level by Melting iceIn 2020, although the summer decline associated with Niña is small, it will continue to rise.This Arctic sea ice in summer Reached a cruising range of at least 3.74 million kilometers (second reduction record), while Antarctica continues to lose average 200 billion tons Each year (billion tons) of ice. But experts point out that by 2020, Heat wave,drought, Fire, Floods, hurricanes/hurricanes and other extreme weather events have reached record levels, all of which are related to the intensification of climate change.
Professor Taalas said: “All the key climate indicators and related impact information provided in this report highlight the unstoppable and continuous climate change, the intensification and intensification of extreme events, and the serious losses and destruction affecting humans, society and the economy. “Experts commented: “Regardless of our success in mitigating climate change, negative climate trends will continue in the next few decades.” The authors of the report emphasized that achieving the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement is almost impossible. There is room for this goal to free us from the “unspeakable pain” predicted by the largest climate change research in history. Not surprisingly, the central theme of Earth Day (Earth Day) in 2021 is closely related to what each of us can do to protect the planet and restore it to its previous glory.